The Science Behind Wake-Boarding
Wake-boarding can be described in simple terms as an extreme sport. This is a water sport whereby the rider is supported by a device (a wakeboard) which is being pulled by a very powerful motorboat. The equipment and techniques that are used for the design of a wakeboard are a fusion of different water sports such as surfing, water skiing and snowboarding.
In order to do wake-boarding successfully, a couple of principles have to be followed. Considering that the COG (Center of Gravity), manipulating it while in the act of wakeboarding has an effect on the speed at which a wake is entered. It also affects the height that can be jumped. Ultimately, manipulating the COG also changes the angle at which the board moves.
The ability of the wakeboard to float is its buoyancy. This is directly related to the density at which it has. It is important to put into consideration that the water under the wakeboard is denser than the wakeboard.
A wave or a wake “sticking together” is affected by the surface tension which is what causes the water molecules to stick together. This is basically what is used in the navigation of a wake.
Just as it is explained by Newton’s law of motion, for every action, there has to be an equal and opposite reaction. In order to change the angle of the board, the knees have to be bent and stay in a lean back position. This increases the wakeboards speed as the jump is approached.
The movements of a wakeboard are normally influenced by the resistance of the board while moving on the water and the rope’s tension. Since tension is a reaction force, it has a direct relationship to the amount of force that should be applied.